Why does my @Pattern @Size annotations don’t work with @Valid (In Spring Boot v.3)?

  Kiến thức lập trình

here we are with the stupid question of (more or less) 19h30.

I’m trying to learn Java using Spring Boot v.3 and to manage a FAKE database with it. This afternoon I was trying to implement some “constraints” for the username and password input via @/Pattern and @/Valid annotations.

That’s what I did in my User class:

@Column(nullable = false)
  @Size(min = 5, max = 15)
  @Pattern(regexp = "^(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*\d).+$", message = "Password must contain at least one uppercase letter and one number")
  private String password;

And what I did in my Controller class:

    public ResponseEntity<Object> registerUser(
        u/Valid @RequestBody RegisterRequest registerRequest, 
        BindingResult result) {
        try {
            return ResponseEntity.ok(service.registerUser(registerRequest, result));
        } ETC ETC

Since my Controller class is actually using a RegisterRequest DTO, to be sure I have also implemented the annotations there, like this:

The thing is that it is still accepting passwords with only two characters and without numbers of capitals. I’m sure it’s my fault, cannot be otherwise, but what can I do?
Please remember I’m only trying to learn and I’m dumb. Don’t be harsh.

I’ve thought that maybe I should “break” the RegisterRequest object in different strings when I send them to the service class in order to “validate” them before starting the service process.

And I did it, but…

…I’m not able to make it work. I mean, I was able to “break” the RegisterRequest Object in several strings, I sent them to UserService (that I have modified in order for it to receive three strings and a boolean) and if I try it with Postman the registration process still works, so the code is “good”. But the Valid annotation doesn’t work, it doesn’t check the constraints Size and Pattern.