Cleanly generating several 0-airty JavaScript functions with slightly different bodies

Say I have a bunch of JavaScript functions similar to:

message = [“000”, “111”, “222”, “333”];

function F0(){
    alert (message[0]);

function F1(){
    alert (message[1]);

function F2(){
    alert (message[2]);

function F3(){
    alert (message[3]);

Is there a way to make some kind of template for this set of functions?

That is, to declare something like:

function F<T>(){
   alert (message[T]);

The reason is quite simple. In my solution, I have much more complex functions performing the same action (they are callback functions for a few XMLHttpRequest objects). Each time I make a change, it needs to be reflected across all functions – something I’m looking to avoid. From within the function, I cannot know whether it was called by XMLHttpRequest[5] or XMLHttpRequest[2], therefore I created a few similar functions (for each XMLHttpRequest object). I’m looking for a way to prototype those functions, so I’ll keep the logic in one place. So far, I haven’t found a way to achieve that with JavaScript.

Just to be clear, I’m using those functions for XmlHttpRequest.onstatechange so those are called without any parameters (something like: xhr[0].onstatechange = F0; xhr[1].onstatechange = F1;). I’m looking for a way to prototype just the function and than create a few “instances” of it, differentiated by an index within those function themselves.


Yes, use function arguments:

function F(T) { alert(message[T]); }

If you need a function that given this “template” can subsequently be invoked without arguments, we can use a closure – returning a function from within a function:

function makeF(T) {
  return function F() { alert(message[T]); };

// var F1 = makeF(1);
// etc.

The C++ templates or Java/C# generics are like compile-time functions which are mostly used for creating a family of types. JavaScript doesn’t really have a compile-time type system, or even a compile time, so those concepts don’t apply here. We can therefore supply arguments at run time to pretty much the same effect.


Another option is function.bind which will return a function with the arguments bound to it:

var f1 = F.bind(null, 1)

See –


Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *